Psychological Disorders

Sleep Disorder  


A. Insomnia :


1. Sleepiness during the day

2. Difficulty falling asleep/ waking up in the middle of the night

3. General tiredness

4. Irritability

5. Problems with concentration or memory


1. Treating any underlying conditions or health problems that are causing the insomnia

2. Change behaviours that may worsen insomnia and to learn new behaviours to promote sleep.

3. Relaxation exercises

4. Sleep restriction therapy

5. Reconditioning

B. Sleepwalking

Sleepwalking, formally known as somnambulism, is a behaviour disorder that originates during deep sleep and results in walking or performing other complex behaviours while asleep. It is much more common in children than adults and is more likely to occur if a person is sleep deprived. Because a sleepwalker typically remains in deep sleep throughout the episode, he or she may be difficult to awaken and will probably not remember the sleepwalking incident.


1. Start by focusing on your sleep habits and creating a routine for going to bed and getting up at about the same time each day.

2. Find ways to unwind from the day. Try a warm bath and light reading.

3. Create a safe environment, especially for sleepwalking children. Remove sharp objects, lock doors and windows, and install gates on stairways.

4. A door alarm can often be helpful

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